Climate change and biodiversity decline are major
challenges of our time. Both are predominantly caused
by human activities, with profound consequences for
people and the ecosystems on which we depend. In
2021, major United Nations conferences on biodiversity
) and on climate change (COP26ii) will be held,
providing an opportunity for Governments to focus
international attention on the interconnectedness and
interdependence of climate change and biodiversity.
Some policy measures are beneficial in both areas,
helping to mitigate and adapt to climate change as well
as conserve and restore biodiversity, while others can
be positive in one sphere but negative in the other. This
briefing examines these interconnections and outlines
how measures that benefit biodiversity have the potential
to support climate action, and how some aspects of climate
action can support biodiversity. It also discusses instances
where addressing one issue inappropriately can undermine
efforts to enhance the other.
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